Intelligence is a complex and multifaceted concept that has fascinated psychologists for decades. While there is no single definition of intelligence that satisfies everyone, it is generally understood as the ability to acquire, understand, and apply knowledge and skills. However, different individuals may exhibit strengths in different areas of intelligence, which led Dr. Howard Gardner to propose the theory of Multiple Intelligences in 1983.
Multiple Intelligence Theory
The theory was developed by Dr. Howard Gardner in 1983. According to Gardner’s theory, there are eight different types of intelligence that individuals may possess, which are linguistic, logical-mathematical, spatial, bodily-kinesthetic, musical, interpersonal, intrapersonal, and naturalist intelligence. Each type of intelligence is associated with different cognitive and behavioral characteristics, and individuals may exhibit varying degrees of proficiency in each area.
Linguistic intelligence is the ability to use language effectively and efficiently, both in written and oral forms. Individuals with high linguistic intelligence are skilled at expressing themselves, understanding complex ideas, and using language to communicate with others. They may enjoy reading, writing, and engaging in debates or discussions. Career paths for those with linguistic intelligence include journalism, writing, public speaking, and teaching.
Logical-mathematical intelligence refers to the ability to reason logically and solve problems using mathematical concepts. Individuals with high logical-mathematical intelligence may excel in fields such as mathematics, computer science, engineering, and statistics. They may enjoy puzzles, games, and other activities that require critical thinking and problem-solving skills.
Spatial intelligence is the ability to visualize and manipulate objects in one’s mind. Individuals with high spatial intelligence may be talented artists, architects, or engineers. They may be skilled at navigating their environment, creating visual representations of concepts, and interpreting diagrams or maps.
This type of intelligence is found in people who are body smart. It includes people who are good at staying active, moving around, and learning through these movements. They are also highly aware of their bodies and are good at building things. Famous examples include Charlie Chaplin and Michael Jordan.
Careers for people possessing this type of intelligence include Dancers, Athletes, Physical Therapists, and Carpenter.
Musical intelligence, obvious by the name, is found in people who are music smart. They have the ability to compose, perform and appreciate music. They have strong ability to listen to pick up sounds, form rhythms and remember different melodies. Famous examples include Wolfang Aamadeus Mozart, Ella Fitzgerald.
Careers for people having musical intelligence include Singer, Composer and Musician.
Individuals who are people smart have interpersonal intelligence. These individuals have the capacity to understand and perceive different moods and emotions of other people. They are good at leading, understand, communicating and resolving conflicts. Famous examples include Qaid-e-Azam, Mother Teresa.
Careers for people who dominate in interpersonal intelligence include Teacher, Psychologist and Public speaker.
The intrapersonal intelligence is found in people who are self-smart. They possess a clear picture of their strengths and capabilities and aware of their emotional self. These people use this information to form goals in life and to regulate life as well. Famous examples include Aristotle, Eleanor Roosevelt.
Careers for people dominating in this intelligence include Therapists, Counselor and Psychologist.
The last type of intelligence, Naturalist Intelligence, is found in people who are nature smart. It includes people who are well aware of their surroundings are can function well whilst being around in nature. Such people have the capabilities to easily distinguish different types of plants, trees, flowers etc. Famous examples include Charles Darwin and Jane Goddall.
Careers for people possessing this intelligence include Biologist, Geologist and Botanist.
These were the different types of intelligence. Now, which category or categories do you think you fall into?