ICT (Information and Communication Technology)| A general Review

What is ICT?

ICT stands for Information and Communication Technology. It refers to the use of technology (electronic computers, communication devices, and software applications) to convert, store, protect, process, transmits, and retrieve information from anywhere, anytime.

INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY
Information refers to the knowledge obtained from reading, investigation, study or research.It is an act of transmitting messages. It is the process whereby information is exchanged between individuals using signs or verbal interactions.The use of scientific knowledge, experience and resources to create process and product that fulfill human needs.

Why study ICT?

• Increase productivity
• Diversify your knowledge base
• Increase your earning & employment potential

USAGE OF ICT IN EVERYDAY LIFE

COMMUNICATION

ICT plays an important role to develop the system of communication. It has linked up the various parts of the world making it a global village. The present systematic and developed communication mediums such as telephone, fax, telegram, e-mail, cellular phones, etc. are the results of ICT. They have decreased our time, distance, and made the world closer to us.

SCIENTIFIC EXPLORATION

The growth of information and communication technology is increasing day by day. With the help of ICT, the scientist has been able to invent new inventions such as computer, cable TV, the rocket, etc., Thus ICT I splaying a vital role in exploring and inventing new scientific inventions.

ECONOMIC STRUCTURE

ICT handles the economical structure of any country nowadays. It strengthens the economy by providing proper knowledge about the economy of the developed countries. Thus ICT can play an important factor in establishing a strong economy.

Do Follow: Social Change

RECREATION

ICT has given us a number of recreational components such as television, radio, DVD tape-recorder, etc. by which we can enjoy our leisure time.

TRANSPORTATION

ICT plays a significant role in our transport field. It has decreased the distance of the place, saved our valuable time, and establishes easy transporting. So we can travel hundreds of miles within a very short time.

COMPONENTS OF AN ICT SYSTEM

ICT is generally used to represent a broader, more comprehensive list of all components related to computer and digital technologies. The list of ICT components is exhaustive and it continues to grow. It includes any communication device or application that encompasses radio, television, cellular phones, computer hardware, network hardware, and software as well as various services and application associated with them, such as video conferencing and distance learning.

Computer science and ICT are the same things, aren’t they?

 The most important thing to remember here is that ICT isn’t all about computers. Whilst computer science focuses on theory and programming, ICT takes a broader approach and focuses on the way in which digital information is communicated. Sure, computers still play a big part, but ICT also looks at how devices like telephones or audio/visual networks can be used alongside computers. It’s basically a combination of IT and telecommunications. Thus it is a broad term from which we will learn about computer-related technologies like data processing, operating system, etc. in this course.